Vol. XVII Nr. 2

Virginia Hill The grammar of conversation: How much of it is syntax?

Abstract: This paper examines the interaction between conversational pragmatics and syntax with a view to identifying to what extent pragmatic interpretation can be read off syntactic structure.

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  • Building on empirical data from Romanian, it argues, from a generative grammar perspective, for a speech acts component of clausal derivations. Mochilas Kanken No.2 new balance femme 996 bleu et or The speech act maps the pragmatic roles of speaker, hearer and the topic of their conversation (the sentience dimension) to syntactic positions.

    Keywords: speech act, pragmatic roles, syntax, E-adverbs, Romanian

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    Ion Giurgea Bare quantifier fronting as contrastive topicalization

    Abstract. Goedkoop Air Max Nike Sac Kanken Eli Manning Jersey Nike Air Max Dames Goedkoop I argue that indefinites (in particular bare quantifiers such as ‘something’, ‘somebody’, etc.) which are neither existentially presupposed nor in the restriction of a quantifier over situations, can undergo topicalization in a number of Romance languages (Catalan, Italian, Romanian, Spanish), but only if the sentence contains “verum” focus, i.e.

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  • Doug Baldwin Seattle Seahawks Jersey I analyze these indefinites as contrastive topics, using Büring’s (1999) theory (where the term ‘S-topic’ is used for what I call ‘contrastive topic’).

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  • I propose that the topic is evaluated in relation to a scalar set including generalized quantifiers such as {lP $x P(x), lP MANYx P(x), lP MOSTx P(x), lP “xP(x)} or {lP $xP(x), lP P(a), lP P(b) …}, and that the contrastive topic is the weakest generalized quantifier in this set. Jadeveon Clowney – South Carolina Gamecocks Scarpe Nike Italia The verum focus, which is part of the “comment” that co-occurs with the “Topic”, introduces a set of alternatives including degrees of certainty of the assertion. Georgia Bulldogs Canotte Los Angeles Clippers new balance 420 homme bleu bordeaux Asics Pas Cher air max pas cher homme The speaker asserts that his claim is certainly true or highly probable, contrasting it with stronger claims for which the degree of probability is unknown. Canotte Houston Rockets This explains the observation that in downward entailing contexts, the fronted quantified DPs are headed by ‘all’ or ‘many’, whereas ‘some’, small numbers or ‘at least n’ appear in upward entailing contexts. new balance cm1600 nike air max 1 ultra flyknit femme Georgia Bulldogs Unlike other cases of non-specific topics, which are property topics, these are quantifier topics: the topic part is a generalized quantifier, the comment is a property of generalized quantifiers. This explains the narrow scope of the fronted quantified DP.

    Keywords: topic, quantifier, topicalization, Romance, German

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    Nicoleta Sava The internal structure of NPs headed by focus particles

    Abstract: This article investigates the internal structure of NPs headed by the restrictive particle only in English. shirt-tshirt Canotta Denver Nuggets

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  • nike chaussures pas cher The working assumption is that despite the high syntactic mobility of the particle, noun phrases headed by only exhibit a uniform structure and a fairly uniform syntactic behaviour. Clay Matthews Packers Jerseys The paper investigates the merge configuration of the particle and its syntactic positions in the clause structure and it proves, in the frame of the copy theory of movement, that the structure of the only-phrase is unitary in all three configurations (only-NP, only-vP, LP only) the apparent differences being due to different spell-out options.

    Keywords: focus particle, copy theory of movement, merge operation, phase periphery

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    Raluca Brăescu, Adina Dragomirescu, Alexandru Nicolae (Non-)Configurationality and the internal syntax of adjectives in old Romanian

    Abstract.

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  • head-final adjectival structures), postadjectival degree markers, and discontinuous adjectival and degree phrases. nike air max 1 pas cher Following recent work by Adam Ledgeway, we defend the hypothesis that the old Romanian adjectival phrase preserves relics of the head-final and non-configurational syntax of Latin. Canotte San Antonio Spurs The fact that prehead complements of adjectives and postadjectival degree markers represent a genuine instance of head-finality (i.e.

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    Keywords: old Romanian, Adjectival Phrase, complementation, head-final grammar, roll-up, non‑configurationality

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    Ruxandra Vişan Language myths in Lord Chesterfield’s 1754 Letters to the World

    Abstract: Taking the approach proposed by Watts (2011) as a point of reference, we aim to examine some of the “language myths” that have helped to construct the history of the English language ideologically (Watts 2011), focusing on two Letters (the World, No.100, November 28, the World, No. Fjallraven Kanken No.2 101, December 5) sent by Lord Chesterfield to the World in 1754. Philadelphia 76ers Adidas Goedkoop Robert Griffin III Baylor Jerseys These Letters announce the publication of a significant text in the history of the English language, Samuel Johnson’s Dictionary (1755). nike air max 2016 goedkoop adidas tubular mujer The purpose of the article will be to show that the use of language myths in the Letters reflects the shifting relation between “politeness” and “correctness” in the second half of the eighteenth century (Klein 1994, Fitzmaurice 1998) and an emergent “conceptualization of a legitimate form of English” (Watts 2011).

    Keywords: language ideology, language myth, polite language myth, legitimate language myth

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    Andrei A. Avram The diffusion of Pacific English-lexifier pidgins and creoles: Evidence from Australian Kriol

    Abstract: Australian Kriol is an English-lexifier creole, spoken in the Northern Territory and adjacent areas of Western Australia and Queensland, which has generally not been considered in previous comparative work on English-lexifier pidgins and creoles. adidas scarpe 2017 Air Jordan 7 Donna Trevone Boykin Jerseys In this paper I adopt an approach used in research on the historical-linguistic relationships among English-lexifier contact languages (Baker and Huber 2001), which takes into account specific diagnostic features recorded at any time in their history.

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  • nike air max 90 pas cher First attestations in Australian Kriol provide further data relevant to any investigation into issues such as the origin and diffusion of diagnostic features and the genetic relationships holding among the Pacific English-lexifier varieties. Air Jordan 11 (XI) New Balance 446 mujer Also, the feature-based approach adopted allows for the quantification of the degree of affinity of Australian Kriol with other potentially relevant Pacific English-lexifier pidgins and creoles. nike magista pas cher

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  • Goedkope Nike Air Max 90 asics onitsuka tiger uomo Finally, evidence from Australian Kriol – corroborated with that provided by other Pacific English-lexifier contact languages (Avram 2004a) – demonstrates that a number of diagnostic features hitherto believed to occur only in Atlantic varieties (Baker and Huber 2001) have in fact a world-wide distribution.

    Keywords: English-lexifier creoles, diagnostic features, classification, Pacific, world-wide

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    Gabriela Brozbă Issues of intelligibility of Nigerian English in the classroom

    Abstract: Communicative competence in English has been a desired goal in international settings ever since the Empire existed. However, a match, or better yet an overlap, between the expected competence and the actual performance has not always been attained or a native-like one, even if native varieties have constantly been taken as the yardstick for comparison.

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  • In international classrooms the situation becomes even more interesting and hard to tackle at times due to factors related to the various linguistic backgrounds and what is perceived as being the standard by the participants involved. Nike Air Max 90 2015 Pour Femme Goedkoop Nike Air Max Therefore, 24 intelligibility judges have been invited to take part in an intelligibility experiment for some samples recorded at the Romanian-American University in Bucharest.