Vol. XVI Nr. 1

Alexandra Cornilescu and Alexandru Nicolae Classifying pronouns: the view from Romanian

Abstract: This paper is devoted to the analysis of (DP, AP, and PP) postnominal modifiers of personal pronouns, focusing especially on Romanian. Asics Gel Nimbus 14 męskie Canotte New Orleans Pelicans Regarding the internal structure of personal pronouns, we adopt the traditional view that they actually do not have a nominal restriction; instead, they themselves are definite NPs that raise to the D-domain, thus coming to be DPs. Air Jordan 13 Retro

  • Fjallraven Kanken Kids UK New Balance 574 męskie By means of the suffixal definite article, Romanian provides a contrast between definite modifiers, which prove to be DP-internal, and non-definite modifiers, which prove to be DP-external.

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  • Nike Air Max 2016 Dames blauw Non-definite modifiers are non‑problematic: they are predicates in a small clause configuration. Nike Air Jordan Baratas Geno Smith College Jerseys Air Max Baratas By contrast, the definite postpronominal modifiers are analysed as occupying the specifier position of a Classifier Phrase, present in the extended projection of DPs headed by pronouns and proper names (Cornilescu 2007); the modifier “classifies” the personal pronouns with respect to the kind of the pronoun’s referent (e.g. we linguists / Rom. Nike Air Max 2016 Heren groen

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  • noi lingviştii). Kanken 20L Mochilas Fjallraven Kanken Corroborative data from English and other Romance languages support the proposed analysis.

    Keywords: personal pronouns, postpronominal modifiers, Classifier Phrase, kind-level modifiers

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    Camelia Stan De-phrases and specificity in old Romanian

    Abstract: Romanian inherited the Romance de-genitive from Latin. Nike Air Force 180 Mid asics gel kinsei 5 uomo In the 16th century, the de-genitive had an archaic character and was used in the formal register. nike air max 1 turquoise Nick Chubb Georgia Football Jerseys Andrelton Simmons Jersey The absence of the de-genitive from original documents goes to show that it was not used in the spoken language any longer. air max pas cher nike air max flyknit mujer In the first grammar textbooks of Romanian, from the 18th century, the de-genitive was a bookish form.

    Keywords: de-genitive, functional preposition, definiteness, Old Romanian

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    Alina-Mihaela Tigău Specificity effects with clitic doubling and pe marking

    Abstract: This paper focuses on the relationship between pe marking and clitic doubling in Romanian arguing in favour of Bleam’s (1999) hypothesis: the two mechanisms are semantically related through the specificity effects they both engender, but are otherwise independent one from the other.

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  • Another point which supports this hypothesis is that pe marking may be used in some contexts in which clitic doubling is not allowed (bare quantifiers). Eddie George Titans Jerseys Furthermore, pe marking is not as consistent as clitic doubling when putting forth specificity effects. Chaussures Nike cheap adidas uk As to the way in which specificity effects arise we have identified different mechanisms: in the case of clitic doubling, the clitic pronoun acts as a restrictor on the domain variable of the DP it doubles, while in the case of pe marking, the specific interpretation is taken to be the effect of a certain interpretation procedure triggered by the insertion of pe (a semantic type shifter).

    Keywords: specificity, clitic doubling, differential object marking

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    Mihaela Tănase-Dogaru Defining “incorporation” with bare singulars in Romanian

    Abstract: This paper revisits the problem of bare singular count nouns in Romanian (see Tănase-Dogaru 2007, 2008). nike air max 2016 dames The vantage point bare singulars are analyzed from in this paper is the framework known in the literature as “incorporation”. LA Dodgers Jersey The paper will try to refine the analysis of incorporation; in so doing, the analysis will clarify issues related to head-movement in current linguistic theory.

    Keywords: bare singular, incorporation, head-movement

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    Mara Panaitescu Free choice indefinites and serial universality effects

    Abstract: The paper focuses on two contexts which license universal free choice items: future sentences and episodic subtrigged sentences, where the universal flavor of free choice items is dependent on temporal structure. Scott Kazmir Jersey Generally, the universal flavor of free choice items is an outcome of the constraints they impose on the interpretation of individual alternatives. asics kayano 21 uomo asics gel lyte buty damskie The aim is to show that the two environments produce a serial universality effect (in the sense of chronological order): the free choice item is constrained to vary with respect to the values for the variable ranging over entities and with respect to an event variable. nike air max 2017 femme rouge The alternatives are distributed in the time-world segments of a branching W´ T framework. adidas neo donna The non-specificity of the free choice interpretation amounts to domain shift, which, in its turn, is guaranteed by non-settledness within a metaphysical modal base.

    Keywords: serial universality, metaphysical modal base, branching world, non-settledness, domain shift.

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    Mihaela Colhon and Dan Cristea Automatic extraction of syntactic patterns for dependency parsing in noun phrase chunks

    Abstract: In this article we present a method for automatic extraction of syntactic patterns that are used to develop a dependency parsing method. The patterns have been extracted from a corpus automatically annotated for tokens, sentences’ borders, parts of speech and noun phrases, and manually annotated for dependency relations between words. Canotta Detroit Pistons The evaluation shows promising results in the case of an order-free language.

    Keywords: dependency parsing, syntactic patterns, noun phrases

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    Nicoleta Sava The semantics of focus particles

    Abstract: The article analyses the semantic properties of the restrictive focus particle only.

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  • Nike Air Max Thea damskie It argues for a unitary treatment of only as an adverbial quantifier over properties of events. Scott Kazmir Jersey The study shows that the scope interactions that the particle creates support this analysis, that is the lack of interaction with D-type quantifiers and scope ambiguities created in the presence of A-quantifiers and other sentential operators such as modals and negation. Zapatillas Asics Gel Lyte 5 Scope ambiguities, and particularly the interaction with negation, are used to determine the position of only in the LF structure of the sentence.

    Keywords: focus particle, interaction with focus, A-quantifier, scope interaction

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