Vol. XIII Nr. 1

Petra Sleeman Deverbal modifiers of the noun in Germanic and Romance: interpretation and position

Abstract: In this paper it is argued that deverbal modifiers of the noun are mixed categories that, both in Germanic and Romance, can have various interpretations, from purely verbal to purely adjectival, with several mixed interpretations in between.

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  • If prenominal and postnominal reduced relatives, which generally are deverbal modifiers, differ slightly in interpretation, the basis for a unitary analysis such as Cinque’s (2010) analysis, merging both types within the functional projections of the noun, is lost. Nike Air Max 2017 Dames roze sac fjällräven kånken It is argued that only the semantically and syntactically richest deverbal modifiers, i.e. nike roshe run mesh those projecting an argument that can move to the specifier of the relative clause, are necessarily in postnominal position. Nike Cortez Dames Eddie Lacy Packers Jerseys The less “verbal” types are merged in the functional projections of the noun. Chaussures Asics Pas Cher nike air max 90 pas cher Justin Tucker Ravens Jerseys In Romance, noun movement, as in Cinque (1994), can make them surface in postnominal position.

    Keywords: deverbal modifier, participle, adjectival position, –ble adjective, reduced relative

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    Maria Aurelia Cotfas A closer look at (lack of) obviation phenomena in Romanian subjunctive complements

    Abstract: The paper looks at Romanian subjunctive complements selected by volitional verbs and considers the interpretation of their null subjects and why – unlike the case of other Romance languages – these can co-refer with a main clause antecedent (what has been called “lack of obviation” in the literature). nike air max flyknit hombre What we want to show (against claims made by Roussou 2001 and Landau 2004) is that null subject ca-subjunctives in Romanian do not trigger obviation (disjoint subjects) and that obviation effects in such contexts can appear not because of ca, but in cases where the subject of the subjunctive complement is an overt 3rd person pronoun whose phi-features match those of the main clause subject. chaussures de foot umbro new balance 420 damskie szare Supporting evidence for the different interpretation of null vs.

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    Keywords: subjunctive dependents, (lack of) obviation, null subjects/pronoun, overt pronoun

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    Robert Cirillo The stranding of negation markers

    Abstract: The inverse scope of the negation marker in a sentence such as All the students have not read the book has frequently been described in the literature, and various explanations have been offered for why the negation marker may (but need not) take scope over the more highly positioned QP.

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  • I will argue in this paper that the best explanation for this phenomenon is the Neg Stranding Hypothesis, according to which the subject of the sentence All the students have not read the book with the [Ø > “] reading is the negated QP not all the students and the negation marker has been stranded by the QP all the students.

    Keywords: constituent negation, sentential negation, inverse scope, universal quantifier, stranding, Logical Form, reconstruction, partial deletion

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    Mara van Schaik-Rădulescu (Non-)homogeneity in Dutch impersonal passives of unaccusatives

    Abstract: This paper sheds new light on the behaviour of telic predicates, particularly unaccusatives (opstijgen ‘take off’, vallen ‘fall’), in the Dutch impersonal passive (= ImpersP) construction. Scarpe Adidas Maglie San Antonio Spurs Using recently collected data, I show that Zaenen’s (1988, 1993) contention that Dutch ImpersPs are barred from a non-homogeneous (telic) interpretation, though generally accepted in the literature, is empirically flawed.

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  • nike air jordan 12 mujer In fact, a telic reading obtains whenever the ImpersP of a telic predicate refers to a singular event. nike air max In this case, the implicit argument receives either a singular or a collective reading (see Landman’s (1989, 1996) theory of groups). Asics Homme Pas Cher chaussures nike air max pas cher air max 90 damskie panterka In contrast, homogeneous ImpersPs of telic predicates assume a distributive plural event interpretation and select an argument with a distributive, bare plural-like reading. Fjallraven Kanken Mini

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  • Based on a comparison with active unaccusative constructions with bare plural subjects (see Rothstein 2008a), I argue that the aspectual properties of an ImpersP predicate determine the referential properties of the argument, pace Primus (2010a and 2010b).

    Keywords: impersonal passive, unaccusative, telicity, event structure, implicit argument

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    Imola-Ágnes Farkas The path argument of resultative constructions

    Abstract: The premise of the paper is that resultative constructions involve an abstract Path argument by which the secondary predicate is treated as an endpoint to a path of a change of state/location, rather than a pure state/location. Nike Air Max Italia Denver Nuggets new balance 373 bleu marine et bordeaux The discussion in this paper revolves around the way in which Ramchand’s (2008) resP, a structural position in the syntactic skeleton of resultative constructions, corresponding to the abstract Path argument, differs in English and in Romanian. Yunel Escobar Jersey

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    Keywords: resultative construction, Path argument, resP, English, Romanian

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    Giuliana Giusti On concord and projection

    Abstract: In the spirit of the copy theory of movement, I propose that Merge applies only to satisfy Selection or Modification. This proposal differentiates between Agreement (instantiated by an EPP-feature targeting the upper argument selected by the lexical head, in the usual way) and Concord, occurring between any head and its Specifier with no additional trigger. Kanken Pas Cher Fjallraven Kanken France It also derives head-movement by proposing that the functional skeleton of a lexical head is one and the same bundle of features, projected according to a paradigm associated with the head. Nike Sko Nettbutikk Randall Cobb Packers Jerseys Nick Marshall – Auburn Tigers Jerseys As a consequence, parametric variation can be reduced to properties of inflectional paradigms.

    Keywords: agreement, concord, merge, nominal expression, head-movement

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    Alexandra Bagasheva Compound verbs in English revisited

    Abstract: Compound verbs (CVs) raise a number of puzzling questions concerning their classification, their word formation properties, their basic onomasiological function and their transitory status between “relations” and “conceptual-cores”. Using the constructionist framework in the context of a usage-based network model of language, the paper develops a proposal for the classification of CVs and an account of the semantics of word formation niches of CVs created by analogy, which yield unified semantic analyses. Victor Cruz Jersey A hypothesis is formulated concerning the acategorial nature of CV internal constituents, which naturally accommodates the proposed classification and word formation niche analyses. A hypothesis is formulated in this context concerning the intermediary status of CVs as language-cognition interface units collapsing the “relation-conceptual core” distinction. Conclusions are drawn relating to the transitory nature of most CVs as nonce creations performing a special function in communicative interaction.

    Keywords: compound verbs, acategorial constituents, classification of CVs, word formation niche semantics

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    Mihaela Tănase-Dogaru Diagnostic criteria for semi-lexicality

    Abstract: Starting from a tripartite classification of syntactic categories into lexical, functional and semi-lexical, the paper analyzes pseudo-partitive constructions and monoclausal modal structures in Romanian, advancing the claim that both constructions consist of single extended projections, headed by one lexical and one semi-lexical/functional head.

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    Keywords: pseudo-partitives, extended projections, monoclausal structures, semilexicality

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