Vol. IX Nr. 2

Frans H. van Eemeren Reasonableness in situated discourse: Fallacies as derailments of strategic manoeuvring

Abstract: In the pragma-dialectical approach fallacies are defined as violations of rules for critical discussion which manifest themselves in derailments of strategic manoeuvring.

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  • Maglie Detroit Pistons These may easily escape attention because they can be very similar to sound instances of strategic manoeuvring. Victor Cruz Jersey nike air max 2016 dames Strategic manoeuvring only derails into fallaciousness if it goes against the norms for having a reasonable exchange embodied in the rules for critical discussion. This means in practice that the argumentative moves that were made are not in agreement with the relevant criteria for complying with a particular norm.

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  • Adidas Homme These criteria vary to some extent according to the argumentative context and, in so far as this is the case, they are determined by the soundness conditions the argumentative moves have to fulfill to remain within the bounds of dialectical reasonableness in the activity type concerned. Fallacy judgments are in the end contextual judgments that depend on the specific circumstances of situated argumentative acting. Miami Heat The criteria for determining whether or not a certain norm for critical discussion has been violated may depend on the institutional conventions of the argumentative activity type concerned. Nike Pas Cher This does not mean that there are no clear criteria for determining whether the strategic manoeuvring has gone astray, but only that the specific shape these criteria take may vary from the one argumentative activity to the other.

    Keywords: fallacies, strategic manoeuvring, institutional conventions, argumentative move

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    Corina Andone Manoeuvring strategically in responding to accusations of inconsistency in political interviews

    Abstract: This paper examines the consecutive perlocutionary consequences of the illocutionary act of accusation of inconsistency and illustrates how these consequences can be strategically performed in the context of political interviews in what can be reconstructed as the confrontation stage of a critical discussion. adidas nmd mujer Nike Scarpe Uomo Nike TN Requin 2017

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  • adidas neo hombre This examination is pursued in the framework of the pragma-dialectical approach to argumentative discourse that accounts for the attempts arguers make to resolve a difference of opinion in accordance with the standards for a critical discussion and at the same time to their benefit by employing what has been termed strategic manoeuvring (van Eemeren and Houtlosser 2002).

    Keywords: consecutive perlocutionary consequences, accusation of inconsistency, strategic manoeuvring

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    Isabela Ieţcu-Fairclough Legitimation and argumentative strategic maneuvering in the political field: Traian Băsescu’s ‘suspension speech’

    Abstract: In this paper I am trying to bring together a pragma-dialectical conception of argumentation, a sociological conception of legitimacy, as well as a sociological theory of the political field. Nike Air Huarache damskie I will draw on the pragma-dialectical theory of argumentation developed by van Eemeren and Grootendorst (1992, 2004) and particularly on the concept of strategic maneuvering (van Eemeren and Houtlosser 2002, 2003, 2005), as well as on approaches to legitimacy by philosophers and sociologists (Habermas 1976, 1984, Beetham 1991).

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  • In particular, I will draw on the theorization of the political field developed by Bourdieu (1991) and try to consider what new insights might be brought to the analysis of strategic maneuvering by taking account of sociological analyses of the political field. goedkoop nike air max 2017

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  • The text I am analyzing is a political speech made by the President of Romania after his suspension by Parliament in April 2007.

    Keywords: a pragma-dialectical conception of argumentation, legitimacy, strategic maneuvering

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    Simona Mazilu Fallacies in ethical argumentation on abortion

    Abstract: This paper represents a case study of the types of fallacies that may occur in the argumentation stage of an ethical dispute over abortion. asics gel nimbus donna The theoretical framework I use is the pragma-dialectical theory of argumentation (van Eemeren and Grootendorst 1992, 2004) which conceives of fallacies as violations of the rules for critical discussion. Kanken No.2 Baratas Nike Paris College Jerseys Store I will focus on the fallacies resulting from the violation of the relevance rule in two fragments of argumentative texts illustrating opposing positions on abortion. Memphis Grizzlies Canotta Squadra USA I claim that these fallacies function as winning strategies in the ethical dispute in case.

    Keywords: fallacies, argumentation stage, ethical dispute, abortion

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    Maria Nicolescu The organization and logic of doctrinary discourse

    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to point out the main characteristics of doctrinary discourse in terms of structure and organization, as well as the type of argumentation used (conventions, subject matter, persuasive techniques), emphasizing the similarities with scientific discourse. Canotta Sacramento Kings

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  • Doctrinary discourse offers an abstract and partial view of divinity, as conceived by a particular religious group. nike air zoom pegasus 32 hombre

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    Keywords: doctrinary discourse, argumentation, scientific discourse, Biblical evidence

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    Diana Hornoiu Language as a means of gender identity construction

    Abstract: This paper examines gender ideologies in English and Romanian societies and argues that these ideologies which assign men and women different social roles become manifest in language at the level of conversational strategies through the process of socialization. Denard Robinson College Jerseys air max pas cher Scarpe Jordan Basket The narratives analyzed demonstrate that identity is far from being categorical or fix, but is context-dependent. Inne Buty Adidas In some contexts our female informants may choose to conform to the traditional feminine identity imposed by the patriarchal society, whereas in others they may choose to display more liberal identities that deviate from those norms.

    Keywords: gender ideologies, English society, Romanian society, narratives

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    Daniela Sorea Jokes and the instantiation of conflicting scripts

    Abstract: The present paper is an attempt to highlight that while joke reception entails the successive activation of two scripts which do not normally co-occur, the second script, triggered by the punchline is not opposed to the first, but suspends and challenges expectations created by the first script.

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  • goedkoop air max 2017 This claim will be illustrated by discussing several jocular conversations from sitcoms.

    Keywords: joke reception, scripts, jocular conversations, sitcoms

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    Zsuzsa Ajtony “Ye Quaint Little Islanders”: Language behaviour of the British stereotype in G.B. Canotte Atlanta Hawks

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    Abstract: This paper is a part of a larger project on the language behaviour of different ethnic groups in Shaw’s plays. It focuses on the British ethnic stereotype as it emerges from the playwright’s ideology of the end of the 19th century, and tries to answer the question: which are those social variables that shape the identity of the characters, and which relate to their social and language behaviour. It focuses on two characters, Britannus and a “hidden one”, who can also be considered to be the representatives of the English stereotype. Chaussures Under Armour new balance 373 avis The paper investigates the characters’ linguistic manifestations as reflections of their ethnic identity, revealing those special discourse strategies which exhibit another ethos of communication, differentiating them from other characters in the play.

    Keywords: language behavior, ethnic groups, ethnic identity, discourse strategies

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    Adina Oana Nicolae Recipe for success: cooking and food in business metaphors

    Abstract: The article sets out to disclose the range of applications and implications of the business media metaphors that draw on the more familiar cognitive domain related to food and cooking. Scarpe Nike Online Shop Outlet

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  • The conclusions rely on a corpus-based approach, while the theoretical framework is provided by cognitive semantics.

    Keywords: business media metaphors, food, cooking

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    Nadina Vişan Translator’s choices in Saul Bellow’s The Adventures of Augie March

    Abstract: The present paper attempts to offer an analysis of the main difficulties imposed by the translation of a text such as The Adventures of Augie March. asics tiger pas cher adidas tubular damskie nike air max one soldes nike air max 2016 donna

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  • The main problem traced by the translator in this case concerns the choice of the most adequate range of Romanian tenses that would faithfully render the ‘biographical’ flavour of the original text. Trevor Siemian Jerseys We will try to provide arguments that support the selection of tenses which we have opted for in translating Saul Bellow’s novel.

    Keywords: translation, tenses, faithfulness

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    Titela Vîlceanu Fidelity, Alterity and Shifting Borders in Translation

    Abstract: The translator as communicator across linguistic and cultural boundaries should be aware of the cultural power differentials and develop a set of feasible strategies in dealing with such a text type. Canotte New Orleans Pelicans Nike Air Max Goedkoop Julio Jones Alabama Football Jerseys adidas zx flux mujer The text type can be seen as carrying over the text producer’s beliefs and his/her own identity, which is shaped by the higher pre-potent one: the global social and cultural identity of the speech community to which s/he belongs. Vêtements Armani Pas Cher Fjallraven Kanken Sale NO.2 nike air max 2017 pas cher homme Things become more complex with the translated text since there is multiplicity of identities: those belonging to the source language culture and those characterising the target language culture.

    Keywords: translation, cultural power differentials, identities

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    Daniela Ionescu Parallel corpora as texts in a TSP context. buty damskie squash asics Yadier Molina Authentic Jersey nike air jordan 12 mujer An argumentative approach

    Abstract: The present paper aims at proposing several ways of selecting and typologising specialized texts according to different criteria, such as thematic content, genre criteria, or structural discursive differences. This approach follows the current views on discourse structure and the theory of parallel corpora. The texts that make up a corpus of targeted discourse pieces share several properties but they also serve a different purpose, which is the author’s communicative intention to make the information or comments structured in the text relevant in some specific way to readership.

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  • It is precisely this relevant markedness of such texts that constitutes the core of the present paper.

    Keywords: typology of specialized texts, thematic content, genre criteria, structural discursive differences

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    Roxana-Cristina Petcu The translator as an agent of power

    Abstract: The paper analyses the presence of the translator’s voice, the interference between the translator and the text (s)he translates.